A Judicial Review (JR) pre-action protocol (PAP) is normally a letter sent to the UK Border Agency which challenges an action taken by the UK Border Agency and threatens that a Judicial Review (JR) will be lodged if a satisfactory response is not received. The challenge can be to any pat of our activities and can include not only a decision we have made but also a delay in making a decision. The pre-action protocol (PAP) is designed to enable disputes to be resolved before they reach court. It operates for cases in England and Wales.